International Ōgai Studies
Social Order, Tradition, and Change in Meiji Fiction: A Special Study of Selected Writings of Mori Ogai and Natsume Soseki, PhD. thesis, Jawaharlal Nehru University, School of International Studies, Centre for East Asian Studies 1997.
I. Introduction: Japan’s Inherited Social Order and Tradition, 1–28.
(Inherited Social Order and Tradition - The Weakening of the Old Order - Social Unrest - Collapse of the Political Order)
II. Meiji Japan: Transition to a Modern Era (1867-1912), 29–69.
(The New Regime - Agony of Transition - Popular Rights Movement - From All-Round Westernization to Japanism - Statism and the Concept of Kazoku-Kokka (Family-State) - The Meiji Constitution - Education and Indoctrination - From Nationalism to Imperialism and Militarism - Resistance to Statism)
III. Tradition and Change as Reflected in Meiji Literature, 70–126.
(The Literary Tradition - New Literature - New Literary Currents - Representatives of New Literature - Growth of Semi-Classicism and the Kenyusha - The Romantic School - The Naturalistic School - Opponents of Naturalism)
IV. Natsume Soseki (1867-1916): His Life, Writings, and Ideas, 127–58.
(Early Years (1867-1894) - Years of Success and Fame (1905-1916)
V. Tradition, Order and Social Dissent in Soseki’s Writings, 159–98.
(On Modernization - On the Psychological Oppression of Modernization - On Individualism vs. Statism - On Militarism - On Confucian Ideology - On Literature)
VI. Mori Ogai (1862-1922): His Life, Writings, and Ideas, 199–239.
(Young Ogai: A Child Prodigy - The German Interlude: A Rewarding Experience - The Frustrating Years (1899-1908) - In Search of a New Identity (1902-1912) - Ogai and Historical Literature: A New Idealism)
VII. Tradition, Order and Social Dissent in Ogai’s writings, 240–68.
(On Modernization vs. Tradition - On Freedom and Individualism vs. Authority and Statism - On Racialism and the Theory of Yellow Peril - On Naturalism and the Nature of Literature)
VIII. Summary and Conclusions, 269–78.